Visn. Nac. Akad. Nauk Ukr. 2017. (7):54-63
https://doi.org/10.15407/visn2017.07.054 

O.I. Mryglod
http://orcid.org/0000-0003-4415-7061
Institute for Condensed Matter Physics of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Lviv

FROM PHYSICS TO SCIENTOMETRICS: ANALYSIS OF COMPLEX SYSTEMS
According to the materials of scientific report at the meeting of the Presidium of NAS of Ukraine
March 29, 2017

Systems of very different nature — biological, technological, social and many others — can be studied using the same set of tools borrowed from physics, data mining, information theory, and other disciplines. The elementary units of these systems, as well as interactions between units, can be completely different, but the same kind of collective behavior or similar structural patterns can be found. Therefore, the statistical physics, which traditionally deals with many-particle systems, became an important part of complex systems theory to effectively solve non-physical problems. Science as a complex system with specific kind of social relations is a very special object of study. Scientometrics — a discipline oriented on quantitative aspects of science — suggests a wide spectrum of problems. In particular, such diversity is illustrated by our results: three examples are given in the discussion. The first task was to quantify the evolution of a scientific topic as reaction of academic community to the important event. The second problem deals with the notion of “attractiveness” of a scientific publication, which is based on the statistics of downloads. The last set of results is related to the correlations between the expert assessments and citation-based metrics.
Keywords: complex systems, scientometrics, evolution of a scientific topic, altmetrics, expert assessments vs. citation-based metrics.

 Language of article: ukrainian

 

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